September 27, 2022

US has the highest rate of gun-related deaths in more than 25 years, CDC data shows

5 min read

As an emergency physician in the United States for nearly 20 years, Hori said treating teens with gunshot wounds in the emergency room is a “frequent occurrence.” He would often “bleed” her when she was resurrecting him.

Then she would look for a clean white coat in the hospital “so that I would look respectable and respectable to talk to her family – or to someone who survived but was paralyzed. “I am just happy to be here,” said Hori.

Gun deaths in the United States appear to be on the rise.

According to data released Tuesday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the U.S. firearms death rate in 2020 was the highest recorded since 1994, where Hori currently works. Is. Acting Principal Deputy Director And head of the National Center for Injury Prevention.

Between 2019 and 2020, the overall firearms homicide rate increased by about 35%, according to new figures in the CDC’s weekly report on morbidity and mortality.

“The COVID-19 epidemic has exacerbated current social and economic tensions that increase the risk of murder and suicide, especially in some ethnic and racial communities,” the CDC researchers wrote in their report.

“The increase in firearms homicide rates in 2020 and the ever-increasing rate of firearm suicides, along with the increase in populations that are at greater risk, have widened the disparity and increased the urgent need for such measures. Which can bring immediate and lasting benefits. “

According to the CDC, in 2020, 79% of all homicides and 53% of suicides involved firearms, slightly higher than in the previous five years.

Rising gun deaths, suicide rates remain high.

CDC researchers reviewed gun-related deaths from the agency’s National Vital Statistics Systems and the National Center for Health Statistics, as well as county-level data and data from the U.S. Census Bureau on Poverty. ۔

The researchers found that during the CoVID-19 epidemic in 2020, firearms and firearms suicide rates were 4.5 and 1.3 times higher, respectively, in the poorest U.S. counties with the lowest poverty levels. As counties.

“It’s a big house for me,” Hori said. “Because if we’re going to see where to intervene, it’s in many of these poor communities.”

From 2019 to 2020, the overall firearms homicide rate rose from 4.6 deaths to 6.1 deaths per 100,000 people, according to new figures. But the increase was not evenly distributed, suggesting a widening gap in genocide.

Statistics show that the highest increase in 2020 was between black boys and men aged 10 to 44 and between 25 and 44 years among American Indian or Native Alaskan men.

The CDC’s findings on firearms homicide rates closely match the FBI’s 2020 Uniform Crime Report, which was released in September last year.

FBI data show a 29.4% increase in homicides between 2019 and 2020. The agency has recorded the biggest jump ever.. The UCR recorded a homicide rate of 6.5 per 100,000 people in the United States. The report also states that firearms killings are on the rise, noting that about 77% of murders were committed by gun in 2020, compared to 74% in 2019. There is no federal database of gun sales, but other independent surveys found that gun sales increased during the CoVID-19 epidemic.

Meanwhile, between 2019 and 2020, the overall rate of firearms suicide among people aged 10 and over remained at almost the same level, rising only slightly from 7.9 to 8.1 deaths per 100,000 people, the CDC said. The researchers found in their new report.

The researchers wrote in their report, “Although overall firearms suicide rates did not change between 2019 and 2020, young people and some ethnic / racial minority groups experienced an increase in firearms suicide.” “

The largest increase was among American Indians and Native Americans, making it the group with the highest rate of firearms suicide by 2020.

The report’s data did not include information on the specific types of firearms used. “Often this information is not included in the death certificate. The most common type of firearm when it is included is the handgun,” said Thomas, associate director of science at the CDC’s Violence Prevention Division. Simon told reporters during a call on Tuesday.

“When I went to medical school, that was not what we were talking about.”

Hori wrote in a poll with Simon and Dr. Alexander Crosby, published Tuesday in the medical journal JAMA, that gun violence is “a major public health issue.”

The rise in gun violence during epidemics puts pressure on overcrowded hospitals.

In his dissertation, he notes that physicians can play a role in talking to patients about gun safety, but medical schools often include firearms safety, violence prevention and social health assessment in their curriculum. Do not add

“When I went to medical school, it wasn’t something we talked about or trained on. I didn’t start thinking about it until when So far I have not seen the results, “said Hori.

Like Medical school student In the late 1990’s, Hori knew that gun violence was a problem in the United States. “But I don’t think I knew the severity of it and I don’t think I realized how it would affect me and my patients,” he said.
In their JAMA paper, Hori and his colleagues cite one. Survey of more than 1,000 family physicians Nearly half of family physicians, 46%, said they had no firearms safety counseling training and about two-thirds, 68%, felt knowledgeable about discussing safe storage devices for firearms. Did not

“But those who have received formal training report a high level of comfort by asking patients about the possession of firearms,” ​​Hori said. “So for me, it’s about making sure the therapists understand their role and then what they have to do.”

‘We need to know how we end our society’

Communities could also use these new data on firearms deaths to consider interventions to reduce violence.

“Childcare subsidies can reduce stress and prevent violence,” Hori said. “We have also funded research on greenery initiatives where you can go and improve the space by planting grass and trees. 29% reduction in firearms attacks In poor areas. “

The CDC is currently funding 18 two-year research projects on gun violence. “With recent congressional allocations for the past two years, we’ve been able to fund 18 promising projects to see innovations to stop firearms violence,” Hori told reporters during a call Tuesday. Are gone. “

Dr. George Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association, says the rising rate of American genocide poses a serious threat to the country’s public health – but not surprisingly. Told CNN last year.

He said the rise in genocide was parallel to the recent rise in violence, hatred, tensions, political divisions and anger in communities across the country as a whole.

“We’re literally seeing it with our own eyes – at school board meetings and at public events,” Benjamin said.

He said, “People seem to have lost all civilization, and then you couples living at home, and suffering from stress, losing your job, losing your resources, losing your health. Fear of more guns, “he said. “I think we need to find out how we end our society.”

CNN’s Brenda Goodman and Priya Krishna Kumar contributed to this report.

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