December 2, 2022

Russian official calls Lithuanian actions “hostile” and warns of consequences

2 min read

A farmer uses an agricultural machine on a wheat farm June 17 in Odessa, Ukraine.
A farmer uses an agricultural machine on a wheat farm in Odessa, Ukraine, June 17. (Metin Aktas / Anadolu Agency / Getty Images)

According to officials and independent estimates, Ukrainian farmers have sown about 25% less land in 2021 than they used to.

According to Markian Dmitrasovich, Ukraine’s Deputy Minister for Agricultural Policy and Food, a total of 13.5 million hectares were planted with a variety of crops – 80 percent of what was sown last year.

Obviously we couldn’t smell. LuhanskThe Donetsk region, partly in the Kyiv, Chernihiv and Sumy regions, “said Dmytrasevych.

In addition, agricultural land in southern Ukraine is now under Russian control. Most of Ukraine’s vegetables are also grown in the region.

Taras Vesotsky, another senior official at the Ministry of Agricultural Policy, said wheat was sown more in the spring this year, but sowing of corn and sunflower declined sharply.

As for the expected harvest, Vesotsky said, “there could be about 48-50 million tons of grain. This is lower than in previous years, when it reached 85 million.” “We expect to harvest about 60 million tons of grain and oilseeds – a little more than half of what we harvested last year,” Dmitrasovich said in a similar prediction.

Separately, Maxar Technologies surveyed satellite images of agricultural areas in Ukraine and concluded that Ukrainian farmers planted 30% less land in the spring of 2022.

Mexar predicts that corn production will fall by 54% in 2022 and sunflower production by 40% compared to the growing season of 2021.

The conflict has destroyed dozens of grain storage facilities in ports and rural areas, with about 10 million tonnes now under Russian control, while others have been destroyed by missile and artillery strikes. In May, several sources also told CNN Russian forces Were Stealing farm supplies And thousands of tons of grain from Ukrainian farmers in the areas they occupied.

Some Ukrainian officials say storage problems have forced farmers to switch crops. Marchok added that a lack of fuel could hamper harvesting. And he said that farmers are facing financial crisis, interest on loans has gone up to 35%.

“A compromise is needed to reduce interest rates. In a situation where there are no exports, when there is no working capital, it is very difficult to repay the loan with very high interest rates, as compared to the existing rates. I.”

Exports of grain and oilseed crops have been complicated. Blockade Odessa and other Black Sea ports.

Dmitrysevich said that since the Russian invasion, Ukraine has exported 4 million tons of grain and oilseed crops, compared to the pre-war forecast of between 5 and 6 million tons. Various options have been developed for road and rail transport, from the grain rail to the Romanian port of Constanta and across the land border to Poland. But alternatives are much heavier than shipping to world markets via the Black Sea.

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