February 2, 2023

Russian hacking in Ukraine has been extensive and intertwined with military operations, Microsoft says

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At least six different Kremlin-linked hacking groups have carried out about 240 cyber operations against Ukrainian targets. Microsoft said on WednesdayThe data shows a wide range of alleged Russian cyber-attacks during the war against Ukraine that were previously documented.

“Russia’s use of cyber-attacks is strongly linked and sometimes directly linked to its dynamic military operations,” said Tom Burt, Microsoft’s vice president.

Of Microsoft report The largest ever public record of Russian hacking efforts related to the war in Ukraine. It fills a gap in public understanding of where Russia’s cyber capabilities were deployed during the war.

Burt referred to the March 1 cyber attack on a Ukrainian broadcaster, the same day Russian missile attacks on a TV tower in Kyiv, and malicious emails sent to the Ukrainian people falsely claiming that the Ukrainian government She is “leaving” among the Russians. Siege Of the city of Mariupol.

Microsoft reports that suspected Russian hackers are “working to compromise with organizations in territories across Ukraine,” and may be discussing Ukrainian military involvement in the months leading up to the full-scale offensive in February. Collecting intelligence.

Russia’s military strikes on Ukraine are sometimes “linked to cyber-attacks, especially when they involve attacks on telecom infrastructure in some areas,” Victor Zora, a senior Ukrainian government cyber official, said on Wednesday. Told reporters.

In the weeks following Russia’s latest invasion of Ukraine, some pundits and US officials were surprised that Russian cyberattacks on the country were not more significantly disruptive or debilitating. Possible explanations range from the chaos in Russian military planning to the tightening of Ukrainian defenses, to the fact that bombs and bullets take precedence over hacking during war.

But a barrage of alleged Russian and Belarusian hacks aimed at destabilizing Ukraine, some hacks emerged weeks after their existence. Some hacking attempts have been more successful than others.

O Multiple cyber attack At the start of the war, Internet service for tens of thousands of satellite modems was cut off in Ukraine and elsewhere in Europe. U.S. officials are investigating the incident as a possible hack by the Russian state, CNN. First reported.

Earlier this month, a Russian military-linked hacking group targeted a Ukrainian power substation in a hack that could have cut off power to 2 million people if successful.According to Ukrainian officials. But while the same hacking group managed to cut off power in Ukraine in 2015 and 2016, the recent cyber attack did not affect the power supply to Target Power Company, according to Zora.

NATO officials David Kettler and Daniel Blake noted a series of hacks that allegedly purged Russian data for Ukrainian organizations over the weeks.

“If observers see this cyber-attack as a series of isolated incidents, then the scale and strategic significance of the traditional violence in Ukraine is diminished,” Cattler and Black said. Written in Foreign Affairs this month. “But the full account of cyber operations shows the active and sustained use of cyber attacks to support Russian military objectives.”

Officials from the White House, the Department of Homeland Security and other agencies have worked with their Ukrainian counterparts to defend against Russian hacking and gain insights into Russian capabilities that could be used against the United States. Are

“Unfortunately, for the past eight years, Ukraine has been a playground for cyber-weapons,” Zora said. They are continuing in other states. ”

Zhora stressed the flexibility of Ukraine’s network guards.

Zhora said Wednesday that Russian hackers were “becoming dangerous.” “They continue to threaten democracies, threaten Ukrainian cyberspace. Nevertheless, I do not think they can measure their cyber-fighters or use some of the brand new technologies that are at stake in Ukraine’s infrastructure.” Can attack

CNN has asked the Russian embassy in Washington for comment on the Microsoft report.

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