December 2, 2022

‘Not Good for Learning’ – The New York Times

5 min read


When Cowade 19 began sweeping the country in March 2020, schools in every state closed their doors. For the rest of the spring, remote instruction effectively became a national policy.

A few months later, however, the school districts began making different decisions about reopening. In the South and Great Plains, as well as in some areas of the Northeast, schools resumed private classes in the fall of 2020. In most parts of the Northeast, Midwest and West Coast, school buildings remain closed and classes are online. Months.

These differences created a huge experiment, testing how well distance education worked during an epidemic. Academic researchers have been studying the subject ever since, and have come to a definite conclusion: Remote learning was a failure.

In today’s newsletter, I will cover this research as well as two related questions: How can the country help compensate for the loss of children? And should schools have already reopened – or was the closure a significant part of the country’s cowardly response?

Three times a year, millions of K-12 students in the United States take an exam called MAP, which measures their math and reading skills. A team of researchers from Harvard’s Center for Education Policy Research has used MAP results. Study learning over a two-year period. In the fall of 2019, before the outbreak of the disease.

Researchers divided students into different groups based on how much time they spent going to school in person during 2020-21 – with the biggest change in the school year being whether schools were open. On average, students who attended private school in almost all 2020-21 lost about 20% in learning a typical academic year math during the two-year study window.

Some of these losses have occurred since students began learning from a distance during the spring of 2020, when school buildings were almost universally closed. And some of the losses came from personal schooling difficulties during epidemics, as families faced barriers and illness.

But the students who stayed at home for most of 2020-21 did worse. On average, they lost about 50% of the mathematics equivalent of a typical academic year during the two-year study window.

Roberto Rodriguez, Biden’s assistant secretary of education, told me: “We’ve seen from a recent study how big the gaps are.”

The results are consistent with other studies. “It’s very clear that distance school was not good for learning,” said Emily Oster, an economist at Brown University and co-author of another such study. As Matthew Chingos, an Urban Institute expert, puts it: “Students learned less. If their school was far away, they would learn on their own.

One of the most worrying consequences is that the closure of schools has widened economic and racial inequalities in learning. In Monday’s newsletterI told you how K-12 education developed in the United States in the 1990’s and early 2000’s: math and reading skills improved, especially for black and Latin students.

Cowade’s closures have reversed much of that progress, at least for now. Low-income students, as well as black and Latino students, have lagged behind high-income, white or Asian students in the last two years. “This is probably the biggest increase in educational inequality in a generation,” Thomas Kane, a Harvard Study author, told me.

There are two main reasons for this. First, poor students were more likely to go to remote schools.

Why? Many of these schools are in large cities, run by Democratic officials, and were generally Republican. Faster To reopen schools. Teachers and some unions are also more likely to be in poorer schools. Lobbying for distance education..

Second, when schools are far away, the rent for low-income students is even worse. They may not have access to reliable internet, a quiet room to work in or parents who can take time off from work to help solve problems.

Together, these factors mean that the closure of schools was what economists call a reactionary policy that exacerbates inequality by doing the most harm to already vulnerable groups.

Congress has sought to address the learning disadvantage by allocating about $ 190 billion to schools in epidemic prevention bills. That’s more than $ 3,500 for an average K-12 student in a public school.

Rodriguez, an education official, said he was encouraged by how schools were using the money. He noted that a strategy with a documentary track record is known as high dose tuition. Sessions can include three or four students, who receive at least half an hour’s worth of instruction a few times a week.

Ken is more concerned about how schools are using federal money. He thinks a lot of people are spending a significant part of it on new technology, such as non-educational programs. “I’m afraid that while school agencies are planning a lot of activities to catch up, their plans aren’t worth the losses,” he said.

As long as schools realize that many students are far behind, federal money may run out.

Could many of these problems have been avoided? Evidence suggests they were. Extensive school closures seem to have done more harm than good, and many school administrators might have recognized by the fall of 2020.

In places where schools reopened this summer and autumn, the spread of coyote was no worse than in places where schools remained closed. In some parts of Europe, schools reopened without an outbreak.

In October 2020, Oyster wrote a piece in the Atlantic entitled “Schools are not super spreaders.“And he told me this week that the evidence was already quite clear. By the fall of 2020, a lot of people were no longer isolated in their homes, which meant big new dangers from reopening schools.” Not born

The Washington Post Recently profiled. A Colorado district where schools reopened rapidly, noting that no children were hospitalized and many were making progress. “We wanted it to be as normal as possible,” said Chris Taylor, president of the school board.

Hundreds of other districts, especially in liberal communities, closed schools for a year or more. Authorities say they are doing so to protect children, especially the most vulnerable. However, the effect was often the opposite.

Over the past two years, the United States has faced two very different code issues. Many Americans There has been little response to the epidemic.Refusal to take life-saving vaccine. Many others OverreactedIgnoring the huge and unequal costs of allowing Cowid to dominate daily life for months.

Biden needs to do more. Improve life in prison, John J. LennonWho have been incarcerated since 2002, he says.

Robert Golaik says he feels like the world’s most expensive food delivery driver – maybe Because he uses airplanes..

One recent morning, an Alaskan Air Transit pilot, Golika, was loading a nine-seater plane with mail, products, diapers and other essentials, heading for a remote Alaska area where no grocery There are no stores or restaurants. Also on board: two door dash orders, including steak tacos and Chinese takeouts.

Dozens of smaller regional airlines carry people and cargo across the state to remote communities. Once or twice a month, residents can order “city food” to break the monotony of food. “It’s not hot. It’s not fresh,” said one resident. “But at the same time, it has the flavor you want.”

Yesterday’s spelling was Bee’s pangrams. carping, Creeping And Teasing. This is today’s puzzle – or you can. Play online.



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