October 5, 2022

How Giorgia Meloni and her far-right party became a driving force in Italian politics

4 min read


when Georgia Maloney First entering the political scene in 2006 as the youngest ever Vice President of the National Alliance Party, he sealed his fate as a far-right politician.

The National Alliance, formerly the Italian Social Movement, was unapologetically neo-fascist, formed by supporters of Benito Mussolini. Meloni himself openly admired the dictator in his youth, but later distanced himself from his brand of fascism – despite placing the tricolor flame symbolizing eternal fire on his tomb in the Brotherhood of Italy logo, the party In which she participated. In 2012

Now, the 45-year-old ultra-conservative unwed mother looks set to become Italy’s first female prime minister.

Its far-right Brethren Italia party, which is polling ahead of a general election on September 25, won just 4.5 percent of the vote in the last election in 2018.

His popularity has since skyrocketed, as he has kept himself in the spotlight with an active social media presence, and kept his party on message, never with a conservative agenda. It doesn’t budge, which calls into question LGBT rights, abortion rights and immigration. Policies

Harris was also the only mainstream party not to join the coalition government formed by Mario Draghi after the end of Giuseppe Conte’s administration in 2021, calling for new elections instead of another technocratic fix. . When the government in Darghi’s turn Fall in JulySunday’s snap election was triggered.

Former Trump White House chief strategist Steve Bannon (left) arrives with Giorgia Maloney to attend the Brotherhood of Italy party congress in Rome on September 22, 2018.

A darling of the global conservative movement, Maloney was a favorite supporter of Republican strategist Steve Bannon, who headlined his party conferences in Italy before the Covid-19 pandemic. His own legal troubles. Bannon recently endorsed her again, saying in a statement to CNN: “Maloney, like Thatcher, will fight and win.”

Maloney spoke at several US C-Pac conventions, telling the group in 2022 that conservatives were under attack.

“We (conservatives) are proud of our identity, what we stand for. We live in an age where everything that means something is under attack: our individual liberties are under attack, our rights are under attack. I am, the sovereignty of our nations is under attack, the prosperity and well-being of our families is under attack. Children’s education is under attack. Faced with this, people understand that in this day and age, it is impossible to rebel. The only way to preserve who we are, the only way to be rebellious is to be conservative,” he said.

He was raised by a single mother in Rome’s left-wing Garbatella neighborhood, far from the tourist attractions in the capital’s center. A group of elderly people sitting on a park bench in the district’s main square nodded at the mention of his name. “She doesn’t represent me,” coffee bar owner Maurizio Tagliani told CNN. “She does not represent this neighborhood.”

The brothers of Forza Italy's Silvio Berlusconi and Italy's Giorgia Meloni acknowledge supporters at the end of a joint rally with Italy's far-right League party against the government in Rome on October 19, 2019.

Meloni represents a growing number of conservative Italians who agree with his views on the traditional family, which are in line with their powerful Catholic Church.

She is outspokenly anti-LBGT, which has threatened to undermine same-sex unions, which were legalized in Italy in 2016.

He has also described abortion as a “tragedy” and states that the regions of Italy where his party holds office have already seen abortion restrictions and a lack of services, including a national policy not to ban clinics. Allows the provision of the abortion pill and allows only abortions. Up to seven weeks, including a mandatory one-week waiting period for the woman to “reflect” on her decision – while national guidelines set 9 weeks.

His partners Matteo Salvini and Silvio Berlusconi in Italy’s center-right political coalition are also partly responsible for his popularity. Berlusconi named her his Minister of Sports during his 2008 government, making her the youngest minister to hold the post.

She regularly clashes with Salvini, whose popularity continues to decline. For the 2018 elections, she was his junior partner in the centre-right coalition. This time, she is in charge, and has indicated that, if elected, she may not give Salvini a ministerial portfolio, which would eliminate his power to potentially bring down the government.

Silvio Berlusconi, Giorgia Meloni and Matteo Salvini greet supporters at the end of a rally against the Italian government in San Giovanni Square, on October 19, 2019, in Rome, Italy.

He differs from both Salvini and Berlusconi on a number of issues, including Ukraine, and has no ties to Russian President Vladimir Putin, unlike his election partners, who have said they would like to review sanctions against Russia. Because of their impact on the Italian economy. . Maloney instead remained steadfast in his support for the defense of Ukraine.

The prospect of a female leader in a traditionally male-dominated country raises some eyebrows if she is judged by different rules than her male counterparts.

“We’ve never had a female prime minister. I think we’re definitely ready for that. Long overdue, political analyst and editor of the political magazine Domino told CNN. I would add.” But how the whole society will receive it is something I don’t know. It is something unknown to him and to us.”

Emiliana de Blasio, diversity and inclusion adviser at Rome’s LUISS University, told CNN that Maloney’s politics are more important than her gender, but that she has not previously identified herself as a feminist.

“We need to consider the fact that Georgia Maloney is not raising any questions on women’s rights and empowerment in general,” he said.

According to the World Economic Forum’s gender survey, Fabbri admits it may be easier for Meloni to gain global acceptance than in Italy, where only 49% of women work outside the home.

“It will depend on how she acts. How she presents herself to world leaders. I think when she talks about her image, a lot of it comes down to her past stance on issues. , and so far he hasn’t done too much wrong in this campaign,” he told CNN.

“But of course, being at the helm of a government is a very different thing. So, I think the way he will be received will not have much to do with prejudices against Italy, but rather with how he is in front of world leaders. How will you introduce yourself?

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