November 30, 2022

Covid-19 vaccinations begin for US children under 5

4 min read





CNN

The CoVID-19 vaccination for children under 5 is starting across the United States on Tuesday, a milestone in the nation’s fight against the disease.

Last week, the US Food and Drug Administration extended the emergency use of Moderna’s vaccine to children aged 6 months to 17 years and Pfizer / BioNTech to children aged 6 months to 4 years.

Then on Saturday, Dr. Rochelle Valensky, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, signed the Covid 19 vaccine for children under 5, paving the way for vaccinations in this age group.

About 17 million children under the age of 5 are now eligible for the CoVID-19 vaccine.

“This is a big day. We have been waiting a long time for children to have access to the vaccine. We now have all age groups in the country, 6 months or older, who are now protected by the CoVID-19 vaccine. And as a father of a 4-year-old, it’s a big deal for my family, “said Dr. Vivek Murthy, the American Surgeon General, to CNN’s Brianna Keller on Tuesday morning.

Under FDA approval, the Moderna vaccine can be given as a basic series of two doses, administered at four-week intervals, 25 micrograms in each dose, to infants and children aged 6 months to 5 years. To

Although the FDA has approved Moderna vaccine for children ages 6 to 17, the CDC has not yet recommended it for this age group, so these shots cannot be used yet. ۔ The FDA authorization will allow children between the ages of 6 and 11 to consume 50 micrograms. For people 12 years of age and older, 100 micrograms will be given as food.

The Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine can now be given as a basic series of three doses, 3 micrograms in each dose, for use in infants and children aged 6 months to 4 years. The vaccine is given as a basic series of two doses of 10 micrograms per dose for children 5 to 11 years of age and 30 micrograms per dose for adolescents and adults 12 years of age or older.

Completing the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine series is a long process, as the first two doses are given at three-week intervals, and then the third dose is given eight weeks later.

Dr. Janet Lee of the University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, who serves on the FDA’s Vaccine Advisory Committee, expressed concern about not meeting all three children’s doses.

“Three doses will definitely be beneficial. I am very concerned that many of these children will not get a third dose,” Lee said. “My concern is that you have to get three doses so that you really need it.”

For those children who may be 4 to 5 years old at any time completing their Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine series, the CDC recommends two options. The child may complete a basic series of two doses for children 5 to 11 years of age, or he may complete a series of three doses for young children, but each of doses 2 and 3. May be for young children or children up to 5 years old. 11.

The FDA’s Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee found that the benefits of both vaccines far outweighed the risks, and noted that children who received the vaccine in clinical trials were “well tolerated.” “It simply came to our notice then.

Common side effects of both vaccines include pain at the injection site, headache, fever, chills and fatigue, according to clinical trial data. Vaccines show the same immune response in children as in adults.

Pediatric offices and pharmacies are important places where young children can be vaccinated.

“We know that parents want their children to be vaccinated in pediatric offices. Some will go to the pharmacy, some will go to the children’s hospital or some kind of community health center,” said Dr. Ashish Jha, White House Chief of Staff. The response coordinator told CBS on Monday.

“But most importantly, I think the majority of parents want their children to be vaccinated at their pediatrician’s office,” Jha said. “Therefore, many pediatricians are going to offer vaccines.”

As far as pharmacy locations offering child-sized vaccines are concerned, CVS and Walgreens have announced plans to provide vaccines.

A communications correspondent told CNN that CVS will begin administering the Pfizer Covid 19 vaccine to children under the age of five from Tuesday.

“We will begin administering the Pfizer-BioNTech CoVID-19 vaccine to eligible children aged 18 months to four years at our 1,100-minute clinic locations starting Tuesday,” said Matt Blanchett, Senior Retail Communications with CVS Pharmacy. The manager told CNN in an email. .

“MinuteClinic is located within selected CVS pharmacy stores in 35 states and Washington, DC,” Blanchette said. Vaccines will be available on an appointment rolling basis depending on the supply.

Children over the age of 5 will still be able to access the CoVID-19 vaccine at CVS pharmacies, Blanchett said.

On Saturday, Walgreens announced in a news release that immunization appointments for young children would be available from June 25. Walgreens will vaccinate children 3 years of age and older in “selected” locations, and appointments can be arranged online.

A communications correspondent told CNN on Monday that CoVID-19 vaccines for children under 5 will be available at Hy-Vee pharmacies.

“Hy-Vee expects to receive its allocation for newly approved age groups in the coming days,” Tina Pothoff, senior vice president of communications, wrote in an email.

“As soon as we receive the vaccine and our appointment schedule is open to those age groups, we will post updates on our COVID-19 vaccine landing page, on the Facebook pages of our Hy-Vee store. , And will contact the media outlets in its eight states.

Due to federal regulations, he wrote, Hy-Vee will only vaccinate children 3 years of age and older.

“Under the PREP Act, retail pharmacies, including Hy-Vee pharmacies, are only allowed to vaccinate patients 3+ years of age,” Potthoff wrote in an email. “Patients under the age of 3 should see their pediatrician or healthcare provider to get the COVID-19 vaccine.”



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