September 29, 2022

Brazil’s former leader Lula survived a corruption conviction and cancer. Now he’s vying for the presidency again

4 min read

Seventy-six-year-old Lola, as he is commonly known, is leading the race against the president. جیر بولسونارو On October 2

Since taking office in January 2019, Bolsonaro has attacked democratic institutions, reduced the intensity of Cove 19 and attacked environmental protection, as well as the Cold War to paint opponents as communists. The division of time has been restored.

In contrast, da Silva’s campaign seeks to expand its voting alliance by naming centrist Geraldo Alcینmn as his running mate on a ticket entitled “Less Together for Brazil” – this is his left-wing Workers’ Party. It is an attempt to dispel the misconceptions of many Brazilians. Its past links to corruption scandals.

Da Silva formally launched his presidential bid at an election rally in Sao Paulo. “The country is going through one of the most critical moments in our history, we need to find an alternative despite any differences so that the incompetence and dictatorship that governs us,” he said, referring to Bolsenaro’s presidency. To be overcome. “

The official campaign legally begins on August 16, and so far, da Silva has not released many detailed policy proposals. However, with the latest polls, many Brazilians are looking for the former leader. Ipespe This indicates that more than 45% of Brazilians intend to vote for him in the first round.

Da Silva’s 2022 presidential race marks the latest turning point in his brilliant story as one of Brazil’s most charismatic politicians, who did not learn to read until the age of 10 and who He dropped out of school after fifth grade to work.

His background is unusual for a Brazilian politician, where the working class struggled for representation in the decades following his birth in 1945.

Da Silva (left) Photo of the September 2002 election campaign route.

In 1975, he was elected president of the Metal Workers ‘Union, and in 1980 founded the Workers’ Party. Until 1986, he was a member of Congress.

Da Silva made three unsuccessful bids for the presidency before winning the 2002 presidential election with 61.3 percent of the vote.

After being re-elected in 2006, he finally stepped down with a 90% approval rating in January 2011 when millions of Brazilians were lifted out of poverty during his tenure. However, his good fortune did not last long.

The former president of Brazil has demanded that Bolsonaro be impeached.

After escaping throat cancer in 2011, Da Silva was convicted in 2017 of corruption and money laundering, the allegations are the result of an extensive investigation against state-owned oil company Petrobras, dubbed “Operation Car Wash.” Has been named.

His legal troubles lasted until April 2018, when he surrendered to federal authorities and began serving a 12-year sentence.

However, in March 2021, a court overturned his sentence, paving the way for his political recovery.

Da Silva appears with his wife, Marissa Leticia, after his opening ceremony in 2003.

At a bar dedicated to da Silva in Rio de Janeiro, entrepreneur Jaciana Melquiades told CNN: “I am very optimistic about Lola’s victory, I think we have a great idea to get Brazil back on track. There is an opportunity. “

The 32-year-old Montero, who manages the bar, said Bolsenaro had done nothing for Brazil.

“Living under this government is worse than I thought it would be because, apart from the curse of making Bolsenaro president, we are going through an epidemic,” Montero said. “And I never, even in my worst dreams, thought we would have a president who would be a denialist, anti-vaccine, anti-isolationist.”

Former Brazilian President Lula has attacked Bolsonaro because his political return is clear.

Brazil’s economy is suffering from high inflation and rising unemployment, with hunger a growing concern.

“I think a lot needs to change, we need to create more jobs and income because people are dying of hunger, there is a real need, and we need to improve Brazil’s relations with the world, which has deteriorated under Bolsonaro’s government. Gone, “said lawyer Andre Pesova. .

Nevertheless, Bolsonaro’s deficit is narrowing in opinion polls, and the president has maintained a strong base of ultra-conservative supporters, including the right to abortion, gun rights and Brazil’s sovereignty over the Amazon jungle. Has mobilized while maintaining the radical stance of his opponents.

And it has shown that it is ready to provoke its supporters against what it perceives to be its opponents, calling for large-scale demonstrations outside the Supreme Court during a dispute with the judiciary in September 2021.

Bolsonaro supporters violated the police's surroundings in protest against the Brazilian judiciary.

Christopher Sabatini, a senior Latin American fellow at Chatham House, said that even if Da Silva wins the election, his biggest challenge would be to unite the broken country and stop bolsonarism, as the current president has said. Goes

“It’s not going to be like his first two terms in power,” Sabatini said. “Bolsonarismo, this is not just a rebellious kind of conservative party, it belongs to evangelical evangelism, it is a very nervous, almost anti-democratic element, and part of Brazilian society called the Bible, the Bullets and the Beef Circle.”

Still, in the strongholds of Da Silva, hopes for his return to power are high.

“Let it move Brazil again, let it flow to Brazil again, let it make people smile, let it flow GDP, let it flow the economy, let jobs come back,” Montero said.

“They brought everything back to normal.”

Camilo Rocha contributed to this report.

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