The Anglo-Saxon kings have long reigned as fans of filthy meat in the popular notion of eating impatiently on thick slabs of mutton and beef, washed with large quantities of grass and L. Have gone
However, their diet appears to be more towards vegetables, grains and bread, according to a study published this month. Anglo-Saxon England And can weaken the menu selection. Modern Restaurant Which claims to imitate medieval times.
Tom Lambert, a historian at Cambridge University’s Sydney Sussex College and one of the two authors of the study, said in an interview on Wednesday: “There is no indication that the elite ate disproportionately more meat.
“When they weren’t celebrating these big public feasts,” he said, “they were eating vegetable broth with their bread as everyone else was eating.”
The findings are based on an analysis of more than 2,000 skeletons whose remains were buried in England between the fifth and 11th centuries.
Chemical analysis of bones shows that meat was an occasional feast and was usually eaten at large feasts attended not only by members of the ruling class, but also by the common people, who provided food, beans. Leggett, a biologist. University of Edinburgh and other authors of the study, peer-reviewed.
He said he analyzed the bones of 300 people for nitrogen isotopes, which indicate the consumption of animal protein, and at the same time reviewed published data on the bones of about 1,700 other people. Dr. Leggett then determined the social class of those whom he examined by cross-referencing his findings with proof of status, such as whether ornaments and decorative weapons were buried in graves.
Statistics show that animal protein consumption was not high among the remnants of people who probably belonged to the ruling class, including men, who are thought to be meat eaters. There are more users.
“I was amazed,” said Robin Fleming, a professor of early medieval history at Boston College. “I assumed they ate barbecue every evening.”
He said that the early ruling elites in England were cemented as carnivores in the literature of the 18th and 19th centuries, when the elites ate meat regularly while the poor lived on grains and vegetables.
“The idea was that the elite always ate the best,” said Professor Fleming.
He said that Hollywood maintained this ideology in movies and television. Professor Fleming said that historians have long held the same belief because they relied on documents from time to time, which were clearly written “renders” stating that food The ruling class of India will receive tributes from farmers and other workers.
In their study, Dr. Leggett and Dr. Lambert said that assumptions based on these assumptions should be questioned.
“These food lists may not be representative of the elite’s diet because their unusually high proportion of animal products do not correspond to biological evidence,” he added. The food was more like before. “
Educationists reviewed food lists compiled during the K-era regime. Ine, king of WessexWho ruled in the seventh and eighth centuries. Based on these lists, British farmers at the time provided the royal family with 300 bread rolls and large quantities of mutton, beef, salmon, ale and poultry, as well as cheese, honey and lentils.
But a bone analysis showed that there was no “isotopic evidence of high protein” or symptoms of a disease like gout, indicating that the ruling class was eating this type of food on a regular basis, Dr. Leggett said.
Dr. Leggett said the food lists probably represented the items that the rulers ate at feasts, which would have happened only twice a year or once a month.
Dr. Lambert said that at that time people kept their cattle around because it was a status symbol, but also to help with manual labor and to maintain a stable food chain, Dr. Lambert said. “There is no point in killing sheep for meat when they provide wool, milk and cheese,” he said.
Dr Lambert said regular consumption of large quantities of animal meat became more common after the Vikings invaded, which had a regular diet of fish.
Professor Fleming said the analysis “makes a very credible point as to why historians need to pay more attention to archeology.”
“Maybe these documents are just bragging,” he said, citing food lists. “Perhaps they are not the exact blueprint for running an elite family.”